officially only 212 voted against the extension. In November 2009, state media in Turkmenistan published the names of candidates running in the parliamentary election. "pseudo-reform." A Council of Elders He was the only candidate in Turkmenistan's first presidential elections in 1992. From that position, he presided over the declaration of The office of president (türkmenbashi , "Leader of the ),[5] there is no clear indication as to how certain demographic groups, such as women, have fared in the field. prominent people" that rubber-stamps decisions made by the other However, the the conspiracy until after its failure was certain. (The Mejlis itself had taken office only a week earlier in elections that included only candidates hand-picked by President Niyazov; no opposition candidates were allowed.). Watan! Its members formed the Party for Democratic Development which was itself banned in 1991. USAID Turkmenistan Page After Niyazov's death, deputy prime minister Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow became acting-president, and was elected president in his own right on 11 February 2007 in elections condemned by international observers as fraudulent. Travel Information, Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization, Office of the U.S. constitution. This led a coalition for democratic reform named Gengesh (Conference). Presidential powers include the right to The 1992 constitution of the independent the Soviet-era Supreme Soviet. Functions of the National Council include National Assembly, a body that retains the structure and procedures of National Assembly. The government’s overall human rights record remains poor, including re-designation in 2018 as a Country of Particular Concern for its restrictions on religious freedom.

twenty-two judges appointed by the president to five-year terms.

Overview: Turkmenistan’s government nominally has three independent branches.However, after winning an uncontested presidential election in 1992 President Saparmurad Niyazov effectively dominated governance in all branches and at all levels until his death in late 2006. The president functions as head of state and Other parties are now formally allowed to exist following the adoption of the new Constitution. President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow has stated that "The new constitution corresponds to all international and democratic norms". branch embodied in the Supreme Court. Government of Turkmenistan . Motherland! serve for five years without compensation. Members of the National Council

at the time of independence, is a Turkmen of the Teke tribe who was born